Semantic Memory

Semantic memory is a component of long-term memory, containing facts and general knowledge that do not pertain to specific events one has experienced. For example, when presented with the statement “A canary can fly,” one can usually determine it is true without recalling the specific time he/she learned this fact. This is because people can remember generalizations such as “Most birds can fly,” then make inferences that lead them to believe canaries can fly. This type of memory is “much more economical in terms of storage space but should require longer retrieval times when such inferences are necessary.”