Language and Consciousness

Consciousness is an essential component of not just psychology, but linguistics as well. During communication, consciousness allows individuals to distinguish between given information, or what the speaker assumes the listener already knows, and new information, or what the listener is hearing for the first time. Much of communication revolves around the dynamics of information sharing, since speakers must determine what listeners already know and what they need to know in order to advance the conversation. As speakers often need to make assumptions about what listeners already know, psychological concepts such as theory of mind and egocentrism come into play during communication.